Star Wars #1 ~ Hannibal vs. Rome

Cicero, the Roman philosopher/politician, didn't believe in astrology. In his book De Divinatione he wrote "Did all the Romans who fell at Cannae have the same horoscope? Yet all had one and the same end." The Battle of Cannae was the bloodiest battle in the Second Punic War. It’s even one of the bloodiest battles in all the history of war. An estimated 70.000 Roman soldiers died in a matter of hours.

The mercenary army of Carthage, the enemy of Rome, was led by Hannibal, the legendary military commander who led some 50.000 men and 37 war elephants over the Alps. In this first edition of Star Wars, we'll look at four of his most famous battles, and we'll try to find out if astrology has something to say about them. In the future we'll also look at battles of Alexander the Great, Napoleon etc.

Nasty asteroids and devious dwarfs

We'll be focussing on the relatively new information that is available to us since the discovery of the asteroids Pholus and Nessus (also known as Centaurs) and the dwarf planets Eris, Sedna, Chaos and Ixion. Why? Because the mythology of these bodies is connected with war and strife, in various ways. We'll also look at the influence of asteroid Fortuna, the Goddess who spins the Wheel of Fortune.

Back in Cicero's time, these dwarfs and asteroids had not been discovered yet. Even today, some of their orbits are not known as well as those of the planets, but it's possible to 'look back in time' with enough accuracy to see what they were up to around 200 BC. To keep the astrology simple, we'll only look at the major aspects the dwarf planets and asteroids make with the other planets, meaning only conjunctions, oppositions, squares and trines are considered.

Star wars for real
When it comes to the astrology of war, there's a very long tradition, going back to ancient Babylon. Even in the Middle Ages the most important task of court astrologers was to provide detailed strategic and tactical advice, by interpreting the sky. The astrological theory that was used in the Middle Ages is well known. On War for example, is a famous treatise by the 13th century astrologer Guido Bonatti. In this text, Bonatti explains how to predict the winner of a battle and so on. Of course, that's not our present goal. Instead, we look at the characteristics of each battle, and compare these to the astrological clues that are available if we look at the ancient mythology of the heavenly bodies ~ with a synchronistic eye.

Battle of the Trebia ~ Limb by limb


On or around the winter solstice of 218 BC (21 december)

Regular aspects

Sun conjunct Mercury (2°07A)

Dwarf planet aspects
Sun conjunct Sedna (0°56S)
Mercury conjunct Sedna (1°11A)
Uranus trine Chaos (1°13A)

Main characteristics of the battle
Hannibal prepares a plan to take advantage of the weaknesses of the "impetuous and headstrong" Roman commander Sempronius. After the hotheaded Sempronius takes the bait, he sends his cold, hungry troops across the Trebia river; the water breast-high and ice-cold. Arrived on the other side, the Roman soldiers are so cold they can scarcely hold their weapons: they have lost the use of their limbs. The Roman army loses some 30.000 men on this day. It's the largest defeat since the war against the Gauls 125 years earlier.

Mythology and interpretation
Sun conjunct Sedna tells the story of the Roman soldiers crossing the cold river. Sedna is the Goddess of the sea and marine animals in Inuit mythology (most definitely ice-cold water). Her story is a rude creation myth. At sea, Sedna has a fight with her father, and while she is in the water, trying to hold on to her father's kayak, he chops off her fingers (quite close to losing the use of her arms). Sedna sinks to the underworld, becoming the ruler of the deep.

Astrologically speaking, a conjunction with the Sun is pretty much the biggest gun a dwarf planet like Sedna can shoot. It would be a good way to make her presence felt. Although the alignment is not exact (the date isn't exact either) it is well within critical range. Sedna's second conjunction, with Mercury, is less tight. The same is true for Uranus trine Chaos. This 'quick' aspect can indicate sudden chaos and confusion: as such it would reflect how the Roman soldiers felt. On the other hand, the Sun conjunct Sedna conjunct Mercury would be about effective communication, and about the application of logic and cunning. So this would point to Hannibal's army, and how they devise a winning strategy with the help of Sedna the ice-queen.

Battle of Lake Trasimene ~ The Art of Ambush

24 june 217 BC

Regular aspects
MercuryR conjunct Venus (1°41S)
Sun conjunct Jupiter (2°02A)

Dwarf planet/asteroid aspects
Mars conjunct Chaos (0°01A)
Neptune trine Eris (0°02S)
Sun square Nessus (1°19S)

Main characteristics of the battle
After a wild chase through Tuscany, Hannibal plans the largest ambush in military history (record still standing). He outsmarts the overconfident Roman commander Flaminius, using the smoke of small campfires to trick him, and fog from the lake as his cover. Hannibal suddenly attacks the Roman army from three sides. Of the initial Roman force of 30.000 some 15.000 are either killed in battle or drowned while trying to escape into the lake. All of this happens in less than four hours. After the battle, Rome is in shock. In response, the Roman army avoids pitched conflicts with Hannibal from now on.

Mythology and interpretation
Mars is conjunct Chaos. Mars is of course the God of War and it would seem to represent Hannibal and his army. Chaos points to the most basic, primal, existential battles we have to fight, like facing the void, the abyss. The fog from the lake as a cover is 100% Neptunian, as Neptune rules water, fog and confusion. Eris is the darkest of all Dark Goddesses. She's about discord, anger and rough justice, and she's also a trickster. The trine aspect with Neptune is certainly bad news for those who are victim of confusion. And some of Nessus' themes are violence and 'a wolf in sheep's clothing'.

At high noon on june 24th 217 BC, Mars is exactly conjunct Chaos. If we assume that Mars represents Hannibal's army, this conjunction suggests that Rome has just been hit by the meanest, most primordial forces of nature. After this battle, Hannibal will officially become Rome's worst nightmare. Neptune trine retrograde Eris is also close to exact on the 24th. It's a 'quick' link between smoke and mirrors (Neptune) and raging anger and strife (Eris). More specifically, it might also reflect Flaminius' state of mind, or the drowning Roman soldiers. The square aspect with the Sun would bring out the worst side of Nessus, but it isn't really tight.

Battle of Cannae ~ The Hand of Fate deals its Mighty Blow

2 august 216 BC

Regular aspects
Uranus square Pluto (1°05A)
Sun trine Pluto (1°27A)
Mars square Venus (1°04S)
Sun conjunct Jupiter (2°28S)

Dwarf planet/asteroid aspects
Sun conjunct Pholus (0°01S)
Pluto trine Pholus (1°28A)
Neptune conjunct Fortuna (0°21S)
Neptune trine Galactic Center (0°10S)
Galactic Center trine Fortuna (0°31S)
Mercury opposite Ixion (0°18A)
Saturn trine Nessus (0°58A)
Saturn square Chaos (1°17A)

Main characteristics of the battle
Hannibal plans what turns out to be the largest mass killing in ancient military history: 70.000 Romans die in six hours time. The famous tactical move Hannibal uses to encircle the Roman army is called double envelopment. After this devastating battle of annihilation, Hannibal assumes the Romans will surrender. This does not happen. The Battle of Cannae is the last big military succes for Hannibal. He will fail in his political mission: to get Rome on its knees.

Mythology and interpretation
In Greek mythology, Pluto is the boss of the underworld. By itself, Uranus square Pluto is a very dangerous aspect, but it would not be enough to convince Cicero that the Battle of Cannae was actually written in the stars. Sun trine Pluto or Mars square Venus isn't going to make a really big difference either. Once again, the small bodies fill in the details of the story ~ exactly like it happened. In Greek mythology, Pholus is the Centaur who causes the mass killing of Centaurs by Hercules. Pholus has come to symbolize the point of no return, the first domino stone in a range, the one who causes 'the lid to come off'. Meanwhile, Fortuna is activated by the conjunction with Neptune. This means that the Wheel of Fortune is spinning, but the message is confusing. Any enemy would surrender after such a terrible blow, and Hannibal rightly assumes that he has won the war (altho some say he should have followed up his victory with a march on the city of Rome) but he will soon find out that Rome is not going to bow for him. The Galactic Center trine Neptune and Fortuna is also part of this. The Galactic Center is sometimes thought of as 'The Voice of God'. In other words: the hand of fate is everywhere. Cicero probably wouldn't have liked this. Furthermore, mythologically speaking, Mercury opposite Ixion spells even more trouble, since Ixion, the son of Ares (Mars), is known as a treacherous murderer.

At high noon on august 2nd 216 BC, the Sun is exactly conjunct Pholus. Around this time, Roman soldiers start falling like dominoes. At the same time, Neptune is almost exactly conjunct Fortuna and they are both trining the Galactic Center. In other words: history is in the making, the fate of two of the biggest nations on the planet is being decided here, but the real message isn't clear yet.

Battle of Zama ~ Final Confrontation

19 october 202 BC

Dwarf planet/asteroid aspects
Mars opposite Pluto (1°43A)
Mars trine Fortuna (0°39A)

Main characteristics of the battle
Hannibal hasn't lost a single battle yet, but he probably senses this will be the first one, even though his army outnumbers the Romans significantly. His opponent Scipio Africanus has studied Hannibal's tactics and strategy and he is now using these against Hannibal to destroy him. In the same way, some of the 80 Carthaginian war elephants end up stampeding into their own lines, causing total confusion. In the end, Hannibal flees from Zama. This battle marks the end of the Second Punic War.

Mythology and interpretation
Unlike the other battles, this one is best characterized by the positions of two well known planets: Mars and Pluto. They are in opposition, and for Hannibal (Mars), it's the final shootout with destiny, Pluto, Scipio Africanus and with himself.

The day before the battle, the two commanders talk to each other face to face. Let's call it a staredown. But the tightest aspect is actually Mars trine Fortuna: the Wheel of Fortune is spinning once again and this time it's signalling the end of the second big war between Carthage and Rome. History is being made.

Back to Cicero
"But why say more against a theory which every day's experience refutes? I recall a multitude of prophecies which the Chaldeans made to Pompey, to Crassus and even to Caesar himself (now lately deceased), to the effect that no one of them would die except in old age, at home and in great glory. Hence it would seem very strange to me should anyone, especially at this time, believe in men whose predictions he sees disproved every day by actual results."
Cicero ~ De Divinatione.

Fair enough! And if the Roman statesman could have heard the story presented here, he might have wondered cynically if there is a mass killing every time the Sun is conjuct Pholus. We don't have the impression that this is true, altho this kind of thing can't be proven, especially if we go back in time very far. Still, if we look at history 'through the lens of small body conjonctions' so to speak there are quite a few events that catch our attention, like for example the Munich Massacre, the Palestinian Declaration of Independence, the Independence of Panama from Spain or even the Battle of Reims, one of Napoleon's many battles. In the 2nd edition of Star Wars we'll look more carefully at Napoleon and the French Revolutionary Wars.